Descamps v. United States: A state conviction for burglary where the statute is missing an element of the generic crime, may not be subject to the "modified categorical approach."
American Express Co. v. Italian Colors Restaurant: The Federal Arbitration Act (FAA) does not permit courts to invalidate arbitration agreements on the ground that they do not permit class arbitration of a federal-law claim.
Agency for Int'l Development v. Alliance for Open Society Int'l, Inc.: The U.S. Leadership Against HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria Act, which contains a provision which requires that recipients of its funding make an explicit policy opposing prostitution and sex trafficking, violates the First Amendment because it compels the affirmation of a belief that by its nature cannot be confined within the scope of the Government program.
Salinas v. Texas: The Fifth Amendment’s Self-Incrimination Clause does not protect a defendant’s refusal to answer law enforcement questioning before he has been arrested or read his Miranda rights.
Maracich v. Spears: The "litigation exception" in the Driver’s Privacy Protection Act does apply to lawyers that obtained, disclosed, or used personal information solely to find clients to represent in a class action lawsuit.
Alleyne v. United States: The decision in Harris v. United States (in which the Court held that the Constitution does not require facts which increase a mandatory minimum sentence to be determined by a jury) is overruled.
Arizona v. The Inter Tribal Council of Arizona, Inc.: Arizona’s evidence-of-citizenship requirement, as applied to Federal Form applicants, is preempted by the NVRA’s mandate that States “accept and use” the Federal Form. As a result, Arizona's evidence-of-citizenship requirement is invalid. Nonetheless, the Court laid out an alternate means by which Arizona (or any other state) could determine voting qualifications. The NVRA permits states to request the federal Election Assistance Commission to include state specific instructions on the Federal Form (in fact, some states have already done this).
Fisher v. University of Texas at Austin: Does the University's use of race in admissions decisions as a means of affirmative action violate the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment?